Third anniversary: ​​India’s unilateral annexation of contested Kashmir

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The world is indifferent to Indian atrocities on Kashmiri Muslims and virtually abandoned Kashmiris.

by Latheef Farook

August 5 marks the third anniversary of the repeal in 2019 of a seventy-five-year-old constitutional provision, Article 370, which guaranteed limited autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir – the only Muslim-majority state in India. and home to over 12 million people.

This illegal dismissal, despite all the guarantees of the United Nations and all other international bodies, was made by the warmongering Hindutva government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, accused of being the architect of the genocide of Gujarati Muslims in February 2002, with an unrealistic program to create an exclusively Hindu India.

Former chief minister of occupied India in Jammu and Kashmir Mehbooba Mufti described it as the darkest day of Indian democracy. The decision of J&K leaders to reject the two-nation theory in 1947 and align itself with India backfired. The Indian government’s unilateral decision to remove Section 370 is illegal and unconstitutional, which will make India an occupying force in J&K.

The head of the national conference, Chief Omar Abdullah, said the Indian government “has resorted to deception and stealth to prepare the ground for these disastrous decisions”. The unilateral and shocking decisions of the Indian government are a complete betrayal of the trust that the people of Jammu and Kashmir had placed in India when the then ruler, Raja Gulab Singh, a Hindu warlord, joined the India in 1947. The decisions will be far-reaching. and dangerous consequences. This is an assault on the people of the state, as an all-party meeting in Srinagar warned.

Modi, who represents Rashtriya Swayamasevak Sangh, RSS and the fascist Hindutva ideology which has nothing to do with the ancient and peaceful traditional religion of Hinduism, has also placed all Kashmiri Muslim politicians under house arrest.

After stripping Kashmir’s special status and imposing a strict military and communications crackdown, Modi imprisoned most pro-freedom leaders, as well as a slew of pro-India leaders, including former chief minister Mehbooba Mufti and alienated politicians who were previously loyal to New Delhi.

The world is indifferent to Indian atrocities on Kashmiri Muslims and virtually abandoned Kashmiris.

For example, the United States and Europe remain busy waging wars against Muslims around the world, China brutalizes its own Muslim population in its Uyghur province, American-Israeli minions Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates and other Arab tyrants abandoned Kashmiri Muslims and aligned themselves with Modi.

Since his election as prime minister in 2014, Modi has been a glove of lawless Israel, which has unleashed violence against Muslims in India and barbarism against Muslims in Kashmir.

One of the main purposes of the repeal of Section 370 is to colonize the state with Hindus to reduce the Muslim population in the same way as the Zionist Jews, supported by the United States, Europe and the Russia, committed massacres and drove Palestinians from their land and colonized it with imported Jews. and declared a state.

Commenting in an article under the title “Bringing the Israeli model to Kashmir”, Anuradha Bhasin, editor of the Kashmir Times, said: “For more than 70 years, Kashmiris have lived with the fear that the Indian government will alter the demographics and the special status of Indians. Administered Kashmir, which until recently was the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

With the repeal of Section 370 and the removal of its statehood, the region was fully integrated and its people stripped of the special privileges and rights they enjoyed given the special nature of the history of the State and its controversial membership in India.

The real disempowerment is more than the loss of particular local identity. Brought in stealthily and by deception, without fulfilling the constitutional requirement of state legislature participation, the repeal of Section 370 and demotion of the erstwhile state became a fait accompli, as hearings on a pile of petitions challenging the decision of the Supreme Court of India has been repeatedly postponed.

A strict crackdown on J&K under military boots, including an outright blockade of communications, allowed the Indian government to surreptitiously abandon its special status and divide it into looser units. Kashmir’s longest-ever lockdown served to scuttle any public outrage and also caused information to slip into a black hole, rendering an entire population invisible and their grievances unheard.

“It’s awful. I fear the time will come when we won’t even feel safe in our homes anymore. We have been silenced,” said a Kashmiri Muslim.

When India revoked the region’s semi-autonomous status, it also removed the special local citizenship law guaranteed by Article 35(A) of the Indian constitution. The movement drew a parallel with the occupied West Bank.

Section 35(A) had banned foreigners, including Indian nationals from other states, from settling and claiming government jobs to maintain demographic balance in the region, which has seen decades of armed rebellion against Indian rule.

The 2019 lockdown was unconstitutional, undemocratic, and morally wrong. But this has now become the fundamental tenet of India’s strategy in Kashmir without punctuations of pretense. While the first lockdown succeeded in preventing public outcry over the loss of special status and protections, the other provided a springboard to lay out the blueprint for what the Indian government intends to do as part of its larger program.

Kashmiris also fear that the Domicile Act is a plot to bring about demographic change in Jammu and Kashmir. The certificate, a kind of citizenship right, grants the right to residency and government jobs in the region, which until last year were reserved only for locals.

According to reports, “the decision to provide non-Kashmiri residents with a certificate of residence is certainly the beginning of the end. It is the beginning of the transformation of Kashmir into another Palestine,” said Badar-Ul-Islam Sheikh, a resident of the main city of Srinagar. , told Al Jazeera.

But while in Jammu public discontent is tied to loss of jobs, land and monopoly on trade and higher education, in Kashmir on top of all this the dilution of Section 370 and of domiciliary law takes on a whole new meaning – the fear of demographic change.

The government underestimates the patience and silence of the public and the international ramifications of trampling on the aspirations of the people of Kashmir and pushing them to the margins as secondary citizens with an increase in massive human rights violations. ‘man.

While this amounts to flouting Indian democracy, it also makes peace in South Asia extremely vulnerable. In all likelihood, the transition to demographic change will not be so smooth. A desperate struggle for self-preservation in Kashmir and the heightened level of tension between India and Pakistan – two nuclear powers – will create an explosive situation. The current standoff between India and China also has the potential to escalate and add fuel to the fire.

Khurram Parvez, a Srinagar-based human rights activist, said the decision was “disastrous for the whole region.

Kashmiri politicians across the divide said the revoking of special citizenship rights was aimed at reversing the Muslim majority character of the region, which is now directly governed by New Delhi.

“All our concerns about the new domiciliary rules at J&K are at the forefront,” tweeted Omar Abdullah, the former chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, which was previously a state and now a federally administered region. .

The suffering of the Kashmiri people began when the British sold Kashmir to Raja Gulab Singh, a Hindu warlord of the Dogra family in Jammu for 7.5 million rupees (750,000 pounds) under the Treaty of Amritsar of 1846. This was an illegal agreement undertaken without the knowledge of the Kashmiri people who opposed it as it placed them under forced Hindu rule.

The Hindu Dogras wasted no time in unleashing waves of terror and cruelty against the Muslims. A Western writer has described the vicious anti-Muslim campaign, where Kashmiri pundits served as willing tools, as “the venting of five centuries of pent-up Hindu hatred against Muslim rule”.

Muslims were thrown into prison, often without trial and even around the 1920s a Muslim was sentenced to death for killing a cow. They were kept economically crushed.

During the partition of the subcontinent, the Maharajah joined Kashmir, against the will of the people, to India in October 1947 and ordered Muslims to voluntarily surrender their weapons. The Muslims resisted and the Maharajah responded by simply massacring around 200,000 Muslims while around 300,000 fled to the Pakistani side of the border.

India’s doyen of politics, Rajagopalachari, said in 1964, “The accession of Kashmir took place under great peril and for the purpose of obtaining immediate military assistance to serve an unfortunate people against an unforeseen immoral attack from outside. There was no question of claiming it as an irrevocable affiliation”. Ends

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